How to allocate advertising budget effectively
The question of the optimal distribution of the advertising budget occupies many marketers. Especially at the end and beginning of the year.
First of all, it must be defined how much advertising budget is available in total. Unfortunately, many companies still make the mistake of measuring this sum on the basis of irrelevant metrics such as the percentage of sales or profit. We have written a separate article on the optimal calculation of the advertising budget.
This blog post is about how to allocate an advertising budget across different media platforms, campaigns, and formats.
Allocation of the advertising budget
Once the advertising budget has been determined, it must be properly distributed to the different levels of the sales funnel and also to the right advertising channels.
The 60/30/10 percent rule
One rule of thumb is the 60/30/10 percent rule. This allocates 60% of the budget to awareness, 30% to consideration, and the remaining 10% to conversion.
This framework now helps to plan further campaigns.
Distribution of target groups
Not every target group leads to the same return on ad spend as another. For example, in B2B sales, company size might be related to revenue. However, larger companies may require a longer sales cycle and involve more people in the decision-making process. Accordingly, it requires more advertising budget than small companies.
In addition, there are also different roles in the buying process involved, such as the user, a champion, and a decision-maker. However, the weighting of influence may vary.
Often, companies have an Account Based Marketing (ABM) strategy that requires one or more audience targeting solutions.
Distribution of the advertising budget across platforms
A CPC (cost per click) cannot be compared in isolation with another CPC from a different advertising platform. Even one level down, the cost per lead (CPL) is not enough in the long run.
Calculation example of different advertising platforms
Assuming Facebook Ads and Google Ads have a similar CPC but different conversion rates and therefore different costs per lead. However, the lead quality is not identical and the conversion rate from lead to a customer is also different.
In our example, even a significantly higher CPC and also CPL on LinkedIn can ultimately have the best cost per acquisition (CPA).
Therefore, each platform should be considered individually and an optimal advertising budget per advertising channel should be calculated. Our free budget calculator helps with the forecast.
Allocation of the advertising budget to formats
There are a variety of advertising types and often a different CPX pricing structure. Display ads, for example, are often billed as CPM while Google Search Ads use CPC bids. The same platform (Google Ads in this case) uses different pricing models.
Add YouTube and video ads into the mix and budget planning quickly becomes complex.
Therefore, formats should be linked to advertising targets and again fall within the 60/30/10 percent rule.
What are the true costs of advertising?
In addition to the media costs for placing the advertising, there are other costs. If media agencies take on the advertising, they usually charge a percentage of the media spend. In addition, ads (images, videos, and texts) must be created. This requires either additional spending or staff resources.
Landing pages should also be created, monitored, and optimized. Interfaces to CRM and email marketing systems also need to be secured and managed.
There are different approaches as to whether these and other additional costs should be included in the advertising budget. Mostly, only directly related advertising costs such as fees for ad agencies are included in the media planning budget.
Alternatives to advertising
What should I do if I don’t have enough advertising budget to generate the leads I need?
In addition to paid media, there is also owned and earned media. Owned media is where you create your own content, such as in SEO and content marketing, while earned media is where independent third parties talk or report about you. Press releases or customer reviews are good examples of earned media – as long as they are not purchased.